Three 三

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Kanji: 三
Hiragana: さん、ぞう、みっ(つ)、み
Pronunciation: San, Zo, Zoh, Zou, Mit(tsu), Mi
Meaning: Three

Compounds:
三階 (Sangai) third floor
三回 (sankai) three times
三男 (san-nan)
三位 (san-i)

三蔵法師 (sanzo-hoshi, sanzoh-hohshi, sanzou-houshi)
三蔵法師 (Sanzoh-hohshi, Sānzāng fǎshī), known as Sanzo Dharma-buddha, is a Buddhist monk who appears in the classic Chinese novel “西遊記(Saiyuuki, Journey to the West)”. He sets out on a journey to the West to retrieve the Buddhist scriptures and bring them back with him, along with the main characters 孫悟空 (Songokuu, Sūn Wùkōng), 猪八戒 (Chohakkai, Zhū gē shēn), and 沙悟浄 (Sagojoh, Shā Wùjìng).

孫悟空 (Songokuu, Sūn Wùkōng), the most famous character, is the Monkey King, a monkey monster with supernatural powers. He is powerful and intelligent, and joins the journey as Sanzang’s bodyguard to protect his friends and assist him in his Buddhist practice.

猪八戒 (Chohakkai, Zhū gē shēn) is a monster in the form of a pig; originally a heavenly hermit, he was angered by the gods and transformed into a pig. He has a voracious appetite and a lazy disposition, but he is cheerful and charming, and serves as a comedy relief for the group.

沙悟浄 (Sagojoh, Shā Wùjìng) was originally a celestial soldier in the heavenly realm, but through negligence he fell to earth and has a history of committing crimes on the river. Serious and loyal, he joins the journey to accumulate merits in the service of Sanzang Dharma Master and to learn the teachings of Buddhism.

On the journey of 三蔵法師 (Sanzoh-hohshi), he encounters many trials and difficulties, but Sanzo Hoshi overcomes these difficulties by guiding his companions with his compassionate heart and Buddhist teachings.

His story includes not only individual characters and adventures, but also Buddhist teachings and practices, making Journey to the West a widely loved masterpiece of Chinese literature. The figure of 三蔵法師 (Sanzoh-hohshi) symbolizes wisdom and compassion as Buddhist ideals, inspiring and teaching many people.

Kun:
三つ (mittsu) three
三日 (mikka) three days; third day of the month
再三 (saisan) again and again; repeatedly; three times again
三つ編み (mitsuami) braid

和三盆 (wasanbon)
和三盆 (wasanbon) is a traditional Japanese sugar, used especially for high-end Japanese confections. It is a transparent, finely refined sugar with an elegant, fine-grained sweetness. Unlike glacial sugar and brown sugar, wasanbon has a unique flavor and is loved for tea ceremonies and special events.

三箇日 (sanganichi)
三箇日 (sanganichi) is a Japanese New Year’s celebration that lasts from January 1 to 3. This period is a holiday, and there are many gatherings with family and close friends, eating New Year’s dishes, and the tradition of going to shrines and temples. Many people look forward to as a joyous time to celebrate the new year.

Special Readings:
三味線 (shamisen)
三味線 (shamisen) is a traditional Japanese stringed instrument with three strings. Players pluck the strings with their fingers to produce sound, producing a distinctive tone. It has long been used in traditional Japanese music, Kabuki, Noh, and other theatrical performances, and is a representative of Japanese musical instruments. Even today, the shamisen is used not only in traditional music, but also in various genres. The shamisen is an important part of Japanese culture and is loved by many for its deep history and beautiful sound.

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